Cultured Pearls: How Are They Different From Natural Ones

Cultured Pearls: How Are They Different From Natural Ones

For entrepreneurs interested in opening up online pearl jewellery stores, it is important to know the difference between the different types of pearls available. While pearls can be broadly classified into natural pearls and cultured pearls, it is the cultured pearls which are more popular as they are quite affordable. In order to understand more about cultured pearls, check this article.

Making of a natural pearl

Natural pearls are formed when an irritant or impurity accidentally gets inside the soft tissue of an oyster. This gives rise to a defence mechanism wherein the oyster starts to secrete a substance which keeps forming a coating around the irritant. This secretion is known as nacre and it keeps getting secreted till such time as a pearl is formed.

Making of a cultured pearl

Cultured pearls are essentially formed by the same process but with two differences:

  • They are farm-grown and
  • Pearl farmers knowingly insert the irritant within the oyster.

The irritant inserted is the nuclei of a shell bead and the process of insertion is very tedious and fragile. Oysters then initiate the defence mechanism and need a lot of care for the cultured pearl to be born.

Price difference between the two

The occurrence of the natural pearl is a very rare phenomenon today while cultured pearl farming is carried out in a very secure environment with the oysters getting a lot of care. Thus they have a much higher chance of survival and also produce pearls of high quality.

Thus natural pearls, if found, are extremely costly while cultured pearls are easily available and also affordably priced. The price of the cultured pearls are determined based on the shape, size, surface lustre of the pearl while since natural pearls are obtained by divers who risk their lives for them, they have such a vintage value.

Cultured pearls are available in 5 different main types. They are the Akoya Pearls, the Freshwater Pearls, the Hanadama Pearls, the Tahitian Pearls and the South Sea Pearls.

In order to understand the pearl buying process, it is very important to understand the pearl making process. Check the requirement and learn everything possible from the internet so that procuring the required pearls for making jewellery becomes easy.


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